Philadelphia Reflections

The musings of a physician who has served the community for over six decades



Total of 339 containing franklin

Blogs
301

4212 V Sixth and Arch to Second and Arch
.

Mon Dec 30, 2019

4213 Long Range Planning Goes Wrong

When planning long range, don't forget geography may quickly change from advantageous to an obstacle.



Sat Dec 28, 2019

4130 Albany Conference 1754


Fri Sep 20, 2019

4155 THE ENGLISH SETTLEMENTS 1619-1776 (Vol 189)
At first, Europe rushed to settle the new world. King Henry the VIII started it for England, and his daughter Elizabeth pushed it along by piracy and other aggressive methods to steal it away from Spain and the Pope. By 1750 the adjustment between the home country and its colonist empire was coming to a confrontation. On a geographic level it was two cultures separated by 3000 miles of ocean. On an economic level it was Mercantilism versus the Frontier. But politicians dominated the scene of owners versus debtors, aristocrats versus vassals, owners versus slaves. Hardly anyone recognized that the Industrial Revolution was starting to sort things out. The English Settlements

Thu Sep 19, 2019

4176 Changing Taxing without Representation to Revolution for Independence: The British Prohibitory Act of 1775
This is the British Act which nominally started the Revolutionary War. The two Legislative bodies should have known better than to react in haste, but the British Parliament in London and its opponent the Continental Congress in Philadelphia -- started the Revolutionary War. Apparently Lord North issued the Prohibitory Act and Thomas Jefferson responded to it. But maybe a month on Eighteenth Century sailing vessels created a scholarly opportunity between two legislatures that should have been seeking a peaceful reconciliation. Whose idea was it?

Wed Sep 18, 2019

4193 Debt and Corruption: One of Them May Ruin Us, or Save Us
It nearly ruined The Merchant of Venice . It ruined Robert Morris and it has ruined lots of nations. It got better for a while, but we are gradually waking up to what may become the greatest financial gamble in history.

Sat Sep 07, 2019

4077 .........................Constitutions: So What's So Good About Ours; Why Do Europe's Fail?
The American Constitution was created by a dozen successful men, opposed by a dozen others. Since it was a compromise, its balance may explain its endurance, once the Bill of Rights established minority protections.

Thu Aug 29, 2019

4182 The Failed Mid-Atlantic Subjugation, 1776-78
The war was not won by the British attack on the Philadelphia region, nor was it exactly lost there. George Washington resisted the British subjugation of the capital region until the British gave up and went away. In the process, General Howe occupied New York and destroyed the Quaker church in Philadelphia, forcing the defenders to retreat to Valley Forge, occupied the enemy capital of Philadelphia and won over its Tory element, and beat away its retreat across New Jersey to the battle of Monmouth, and finally escaped back to New York, as General Clinton replaced him. It took two years and it had a lot of success. But he lost, and George Washington survived. You have to admit the British gave it a serious try, and the alternative would have been to watch the three Quaker states burn to the ground.

Thu Aug 29, 2019

965 Caesar Rodney Rides Through the Rain
When it looked as though Delaware was wavering on the Declaration of Independence, Caesar Rodney was summoned to ride through the rain to cast a deciding vote, in spite of advanced cancer of his jaw.

Thu Aug 29, 2019

1634 .......................................Marshall
The American court system changed considerably during its first fifty years; it is arguable that such changes should have been fixed to the Constitution. However, neither scholars nor radicals have persuaded the people that Constitutional changes are much needed. The nation seems to delegate the problem to the early lawyer designers, especially Ellsworth, Marshall, and Story.

Tue Aug 27, 2019

2461 Philadelphia Vaguely Hears About Bunker Hill
Massachusetts and Pennsylvania were far apart in 1775, both in distance and culturally. The Boston revolt was an underground conspiracy, aiming for New England home rule within the British Empire, but after two years and thousands of casualties, there was no turning back, and no hope of victory without the other English colonies. It was the British who jumped the gun and faced all thirteen colonies with a choice of subjugation or fighting for Independence.

Tue Aug 27, 2019

1191 Andrew Hamilton (1676-1741)
The original Philadelphia Lawyer, Andrew Hamilton gets confused with Alexander Hamilton, no relation. Judged from his life accomplishments, Andrew was one of the most influential people in pre-Revolutionary America. And associate of Benjamin Franklin.

Mon Aug 26, 2019

3625 FORCES AT WORK
There are at least three different ways to describe the origins of the American Revolution.

Tue Aug 20, 2019

4167 Two Different Ways of Looking at the American Revolution.


Sat Aug 17, 2019

1152 Two Hotheads May Have Destroyed an Empire
Charles Townshend and William Bradford were separated by an ocean, and surely never met. But if any two people can be said to have deliberately provoked the American Revolution, these two must be considered.

Thu Aug 15, 2019

4162 Franklin, Washington, Madison, Alex. Hamilton, Robt. Morris, Dickinson, Gov.Morris
Three founders were Federalists from start to finish, Washington, Robert Morris, Hamilton. Two, Franklin and Dickinson, became Federalist at the last moment, and one dropped out later, Gouverneur Morris. The rest were either bystanders or Virginians. But all of them kept their word not to talk outside the group.

Mon Aug 12, 2019

1221 Second and Market to Sixth and Walnut
Millions of eye patients have been asked to read the passage from Franklin's autobiography, "I walked up Market Street, etc." which is universally printed on eye-test cards. Here's your chance to do it.

Fri Aug 09, 2019

989 Seventeenth Amendment
The consequences of this little-noticed amendment should be re-examined.

Fri Aug 09, 2019

1544 A Gleam in Washington's Eye
Section 8 of Article I of the Constitution contains the enumerated powers of Congress, and Section 9 contains some prohibitions of Congressional power. Taken together, these "powers" constitute the arguments that a Union is superior to a Confederation. In the aggregate, they represent the reasons why we created a Union.

Thu Aug 01, 2019

1538 George Washington Demands a Better Constitution
George Washington was an athlete, a soldier, and an adventurous leader. It is less appreciated that he constructed that aloof public image of himself, cloaking an activist politician and rather ambitious real estate developer. We got a new Constitution because he wanted a new constitution.

Tue Jul 30, 2019

4067 Geographical Troubles Underlying Small Nation Unificatons
blurb

Mon Jul 29, 2019

1060 Jury Nullification
William Penn demonstrated one of the most incisive legal minds in England by trapping the British courts in what remains a central unresolved dilemma for the law. He was the defendant in his own case. By the South's way of looking at things, it was a pacifist effort to restrain mindless abolitionism. Meanwhile, both sides calculated it would win if the South decided to fight.

Thu Jul 25, 2019

551 IF ALL MEN WERE ANGELS, NO CONSTITUTION WOULD BE NECESSARY
A lot of shrewd thinking went into the checks and balances of the Constitution, some of it in quaint language.

Thu Jul 25, 2019

1668 Revising, Amending, and Skirting The Constitution
If you don't like what The Constitution says, what can you do about it?

Mon Jul 22, 2019

1345 Unwritten Constitution
The Twenty-second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution serves an excellent purpose, even though the 80th Congress which proposed it may have had quite different motives.

Mon Jul 22, 2019

599 Owen Roberts: A Switch in Time
His old law firm devotes a reception room in his name, but not everyone is pleased with his writing the documents establishing the Barnes Foundation, or his capitulation to Franklin Roosevelt's threat to pack the US Supreme Court.

Mon Jul 22, 2019

2097 Adrift With The Living Constitution
Sentor Joe SetakWith apologies to any political tricks left unmentioned.

Mon Jul 22, 2019

1540 American Succession
The rules for succession are not spelled out in the American Constitution, but what is implicit was revolutionary. Once again, credit George Washington.

Mon Jul 22, 2019

2226 Two Friends Create the Articles of Confederation
John Dickinson and Robert Morris were good friends who pushed the Articles of Confederation through to ratification. Both of them had been active critics of Great Britain's treatment of the colonies, but both hesitated to sign the Declaration, and both later relented and fought for Independence. Dickinson's final position is less clear, but it was Morris who first saw the weakness of the Articles, and pressed on for their replacement by the Constitution.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

2216 How Could We Improve State Legislatures?
If state legislatures are as bad as their reputation, we ought to be asking questions. Like, how did they get that reputation, and what can improve it?

Sun Jul 21, 2019

689 The Third Pennamite War (1778-1784)
Connecticut and Pennsylvania stopped fighting during the Revolution, but then promptly resumed hostilities. The Decision of Trenton gave the prize to Pennsylvania, whose legislature promptly abused the helpless remaining Connecticut settlers.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

2114 Anatomy of an Urban Political Machine
If Philadelphia is typical, here is how urban machine politics works.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

1997 Washington's Circular Letters
During the dismal days of 1782-3, Washington was confronted with the first of many examples of the American tendency to quit a war before it is completely won.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

2289 Roberts the Second
Chief Justice John Roberts seems to be intent on radical changes to the Supreme Court, made in a conservative way.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

2611 Direct Premium Payments, Constitutional Issues
New blog 2014-01-02 19:15:22 description

Sun Jul 21, 2019

1432 Nation's First Hospital, 1751-2016
The nation's oldest hospital changed more from 1948 to 2016 than it did from July 4. 1776 to 1948.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

1250 Community Volunteers in Medicine
A little group of medical volunteers in Pennsylvania's Chester County may not understand the underlying issues very well, but they just pitch in and do what they can about the medically underserved.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

748 Malpractice: Insurance War Stories
It takes as long as six years from the time of a malpractice incident, to the time an award is paid for it. Manipulated finances in the meantime generate lots of problems.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

3113 Methods in the Madness
Another outgrowth of the DRG was the destruction of inpatient psychiatry. For all the public uproar about the Veteran's Hospitals, they are the only psychiatric facilities left.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

2682 Reducing Health Care Costs, by Reorganizing Them (Lifetime Health Savings Accounts)
Instead of estimating future health care costs individually, we calculate what is now spent on health care and extrapolate its future trajectory. Working backward from an overestimate, we likely come closer to the true outcome, than by using traditional approaches. Health Savings Accounts return an unused surplus to the beneficiary, consequently, there is less resistance to aiming a little too high in estimated returns. Extracting more revenue from invested premiums provides a second layer of safety to estimates. (www.philadelphia-reflections.com/blog/2682.htm)

Sun Jul 21, 2019

1534 Mercantilism Dies Hard
Diplomacy has been described as war by other means. It's possible to regard both war and diplomacy as economics by other means, a general attitude called mercantilism.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

1531 Rescuing International Finance?
On November 15, 2008, the world financial managers are meeting, either to resolve the whole currency mess -- or to plunge us into unimaginable chaos.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

1631 Second Mortgages Want to Be First
Banks would not normally take sides between first and second mortgages. However, securitization took the first mortgages away from big banks, so they now have an incentive to seek political favor for second mortgages.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

2178 The Revolution is Over, Every Man for Himself
Although his personal wealth in modern equivalents approached that of Bill Gates today, Robert Morris abruptly quit his business after a debate in the Legislature, just to show he had no personal bias. It ruined him, but John Hancock and George Washington did much the same thing. Ben Franklin agreed, but was shrewder about it.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

1705 Rejecting Preventive Health Care for Good Reason
No one seems to be considering the opinion of older citizens about preventive health care.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

2711 Some Ruminations About the Far Future.


Sun Jul 21, 2019

2588 Annotated Table of Contents

Table of Contents



Sun Jul 21, 2019

2403 National Debt, Presidential Hat Tricks, Shale Gas and Argentina
The Franklin Inn Club discusses Obama's maneuvers in the context of what might have been a better approach.

Sun Jul 21, 2019

2257 Aftermath: Who Won, the States or the Federal?
The auto and the jet plane changed all the rules of the American Constitution of 1787. Curiously, canals were central to the Peace of Westphalia of 1648, the other great political innovation of modern times.

Sat Jul 20, 2019

2115 Constitutional Liberty
Robert Morris refused to sign the Declaration of Independence because what he really wanted was Constitutional Liberty. He didn't even mind being a British subject and didn't want a different King. What was this all about?

Sat Jul 20, 2019

3995 John Bogle, who founded Vanguard and revolutionized retirement savings, dies at 89
The most famous Philadelphian since Ben Franklin has just died at age 89. I saw John just a week before he died, and he looked quite healthy, so his death was possibly a sudden vascular one.

Tue Jul 09, 2019

1763 The Republican Court
An aristocratic court may seem a peculiar place to unite a republic, but the female-dominated social circle of 1790-1800 nevertheless united a new nation. Its definition of who is socially prominent still persists, in SR -- the Social Register.

Fri Jun 07, 2019

2594 The Real Obamacare, Unveiled
The method of Obamacare enactment made it hard to know what was enacted. The entirely unexpected bungle of insurance exchange introduction made the public ask pointed questions about big issues, without getting lost in little ones. Underpromise but overperform is certainly a forgotten guideline.

Fri Jun 07, 2019

679 The Proprietorships of William Penn
William Penn owned Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware; as the proprietor, he was the largest private American landowner, ever. Although the Revolutionary War mostly ended that, one of his proprietorships still owns all unclaimed land in southern New Jersey.

Fri Jun 07, 2019

3474 The Nation, 1865-2015
New blog 2015-11-28 19:04:34 description

Fri Jun 07, 2019

2662 What's a Ribosome? Who is Joachim Frank?
The Franklin Institute has picked out Joachim Frank as a life scientist of great eminence. If you don't know what a ribosome is, it's time you did.

Fri Jun 07, 2019

1620 What To Do If You Have a Heart Attack
In May, I had a coronary occlusion, and a fast trip to the Pennsylvania Hospital. Cardiac catheterization opened the artery with a stent before there was time for infarction.

Fri Jun 07, 2019

1212 USA: Chapter Eleven
Cole flies to Montana, scouts out the mysterious ranch, enlists a helper and bluffs his way inside, but is caught. Taken through an underground passage to the owner's office, he wrests the owner's gun, uses him as a hostage. It appears he was videotaped when on his trip to Tampa and was expected. In a scuffle, Cole shoots one of the guards, the other guards are alerted and release Jerry the accomplice. A jet lands on the nearby runway and the pilot is forced to take the owner, who now admits he is the Shah of Iran and Cole, but through trickery takes off with the Shah. Angelo, one of the employees, unmasks himself as a secret government agent and shoots down the plane with an automatic weapon in the trunk of his car. The police are called, and the good guys make an escape. When the jet crashed, it exploded in a huge ball of fire, obviously killing all aboard.

Fri Jun 07, 2019

2813 Tony Junker; Peace Museum
<New blog 2015-02-20 22:26:47 description

Thu Jun 06, 2019

1767 TOAST TO E. DIGBY BALTZELL (1915-1996)
A toast to E. Digby Baltzell (1915-1996), given by Theodore Friend, Sr. at the Franklin Inn Club annual dinner on Franklin's birthday, where toasts are customary.

Thu Jun 06, 2019

1066 To Germantown: A Short Appreciation
The Western World was long defined as a province of Rome

Thu Jun 06, 2019

3908 THREE WAYS TO ACHIEVE FUNDED HEALTH INSURANCE
New blog 2018-09-24 18:36:22 description

Thu Jun 06, 2019

3565 Younger is Longer, and Longer is Bigger
New blog 2016-06-22 19:35:23 description

Thu Jun 06, 2019

3609 The Central Argument of Our Times: Balancing Prices Between Costs and Revenue


Thu Jun 06, 2019

3550 The Argument for Designating Obstetrical Cost, As a Cost of the Child.
New blog 2016-05-12 19:08:08 description

Thu Jun 06, 2019

780 Swarthmore College
Swarthmore is one of the three Quaker undergraduate colleges in the Philadelphia region. It adopted the Oxford/Cambridge tutorial system of teaching, attracting an undue number of children of professors at other colleges.

Thu Jun 06, 2019

2575 William James and the Progressive Movement
Did William James start the Progressive Movement?

Wed Jun 05, 2019

2150 Who Won the American Revolution?
In one sense, King George III of England provoked the American Revolution, and he also lost the war. Seen from the American side, the three towering heroes were George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, and Robert Morris.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

738 Stephen Girard 1750-1831
Stephen Girard was blind in one eye and never went to school. But he was a successful sea captain, then a successful merchant, then a successful banker. In the last year of his life, he grasped the essence of the Industrial Revolution, made a successful plan for the next century, and wrote a truly remarkable will.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1325 Social Disintermediation
A term borrowed from the banking world seems to explain the recent decline of local government, local clubs, and local news sources. Alas, the consequence of such social disintermediation is a rise of insolence, insubordination, and junkyard dog-ism.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1001 Slum Creation and Urban Sprawl
Suburban sprawl leads to urban home abandonment. Nobody likes the process, but varying factors continue to promote it.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1220 Sixth and Arch to Second and Arch
When the large meeting house at Fourth and Arch was built, many Quakers moved their houses to the area. At that time, "North of Market" implied the Quaker region of town.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1561 Signers and Non-Signers of the Constitution
Seventy delegates were invited to attend the Constitutional Convention, fifty-five attended the sessions, but only thirty-nine signed it. Considering that Rhode Island refused to send delegates, that sounds like a closer vote than it really was. But it was definitely not unanimous.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1225 Short Tour of Philadelphia's West Country
Philadelpia County had two hundred farms in 1950, but is now thickly settled in all directions. Western regions along the Schuylkill are still spread out somewhat; with many historic estates.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1365 Shakspere Society, January 9, 2008
The oldest Shakspere Society (Shakespeare Society) in America continues to discuss King Lear.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1366 Shakspere Society, January 23, 2008
King Lear features the January 23, 2008 meeting of America's oldest Shakspere Society (Shakespeare Society).

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1411 SHAKSPERE SOCIETY OF PHILADLEPHIA OCTOBER 22, 2003
MEETING OF THE SHAKESPEARE SOCIETY OF PHILADLEPHIA AT THE FRANKLIN INN CLUB ON OCTOBER 22, 2003

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1412 SHAKSPERE SOCIETY OF PHILADELPHIA OCTOBER 8, 2003
MEETING OF THE SHAKSPERE SOCIETY OF PHILADELPHIA AT THE FRANKLIN INN CLUB ON OCTOBER 8, 2003

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1414 SHAKSPERE SOCIETY OF PHILADELPHIA NOVEMBER 19, 2003
MEETING OF THE SHAKSPERE SOCIETY OF PHILADELPHIA AT THE FRANKLIN INN CLUB, NOVEMBER 19, 2003

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1370 Shakspere Society October 24, 2001
America's oldest Shakspere Society (Shakespeare Society) discusses the second act of Antony and Cleopatra.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1423 SHAKSPERE SOCIETY OCTOBER 22, 2003
MEETING OF THE SHAKSPERE SOCIETY OF PHILADLEPHIA AT THE FRANKLIN INN CLUB ON OCTOBER 22, 2003

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1371 Shakspere Society October 10,2001
America's oldest Shakspere Society (Shakespeare Society) discusses the first act of Antony and Cleopatra.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1369 Shakspere Society November 7, 2001
America's oldest Shakspere Society (Shakespeare Society) discusses the third Act of Antony and Cleopatra.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1368 Shakspere Society November 28, 2001
America's oldest Shakspere Society (Shakespeare Society) discusses Antony and Cleopatra.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1378 SHAKSPERE SOCIETY March 19, 2003
America's oldest Shakespeare society takes up The Taming of the Shrew

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1375 SHAKSPERE SOCIETY January 8, 2003
America's oldest Shakespeare society comments on Two Gentlemen of Verona.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1376 SHAKSPERE SOCIETY January 22, 2003
America's oldest Shakespeare society continues to discuss Two Genlemen of Verona

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1377 SHAKSPERE SOCIETY February 5, 2003
America's oldest Shakespeare society finishes Two Gentlemen of Verona.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1367 Shakspere Society December 12, 2001
America's oldest Shakspere Society (Shakespeare Society) discusses Antony and Cleopatra.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1380 Shakspere Society April 2,2003
America's oldest Shakespeare society completes the Taming of the Shrew

Wed Jun 05, 2019

1413 SHAKASPEARE SOCIETY OF PHILADELPHIA NOVEMBER 5, 2003
MEETING OF THE SHAKSPERE SOCIETY OF PHILADELPHIA AT THE FRANKLIN INN CLUB, 11/05/ 2003

Wed Jun 05, 2019

2345 Running the Opera
It costs a million dollars to put on one opera in Philadelphia, and that's a bargain compared with other cities.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

2411 Ruminations About the Children's Education Fund (3)
By selecting children for scholarships by lottery, it emerges that different schools make big differences.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

798 Rubberneck Tours of Philadelphia (1)
A very enjoyable two-hour drive, up to one side of the Schuylkill and down the other, encircles dozens of points of interest. Even if you don't know and don't care that this area was once the training ground for most of the Union Army.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

2148 Robert Morris, In Charge By Popular Demand
Franklin warned Morris: dictatorial powers in a crisis lead to a backlash, no matter how popular and necessary that arrangement may have first seemed.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

2157 Robert Morris, Financial Virtuoso
Robert Morris had two episodes of being in charge of the American government, one before and the other after, the class warfare at Fort Wilson. In both cases, he displayed a virtuoso ability to innovate in a novel emergency.

Wed Jun 05, 2019

2123 Robert Morris Invents American Banking
It's now hard to imagine getting along without banks, but Robert Morris had to invent the idea in 1780. Many people were horrified.

Tue Jun 04, 2019

2124 Robert Morris and the Lee Brothers


Tue Jun 04, 2019

1435 Robert Adams, Jr.
Robert Adams Jr fought what is thought to be the last duel in Philadelphia. His opponent was the dashing eccentric J. William White M.D., who is much better known. Adams, however, was later a State legislator, an Ambassador to Brazil, and a U. S. Congressman.

Tue Jun 04, 2019

2118 Richard Henry Lee: A Pennsylvania Viewpoint
Pennsylvania in 1776 was pacifist, prosperous, and slow to anger. Virginia was hot-headed and quick to anger. For some reason, Westmoreland County VA was the most extreme. Richard Henry Lee was their leader, and always the first to pound the table.

Tue Jun 04, 2019

3741 Rescuing Medicare from Its Short-Term Thinking.


Mon Jun 03, 2019

2675 REPLICATED COPY of

CHAPTER TWO: The Supreme Court
Will Be Heard

07/07/14 12:01 am


Mon Jun 03, 2019

2330 References for Philadelphia-Reflections (1)
New blog 2012-08-15 17:10:49 description

Mon Jun 03, 2019

2169 Reconsidering All Our Laws
The legislatures of America were handed a clean slate for statutes by the 1787 Constitution, and thus given the opportunity to review the entirely legal system. It took nearly a century to accomplish and is still proceeding.

Mon Jun 03, 2019

2182 R. Morris, Land Speculator
In 1785, Robert Morris suddenly quit as the biggest banker and shipping merchant in Philadelphia. Maybe in all of America, too.

Mon Jun 03, 2019

953 Quotes from B. Franklin, Curmudgeon
As he grew older, Franklin took less trouble to conceal what he really thought.

Mon Jun 03, 2019

913 Quakers Turn Their Backs on Power
During the French and Indian War, the Quakers who ruled Pennsylvania were forced to choose between political power and peaceful principles. They withdrew from power.

Mon Jun 03, 2019

1296 Quaker Efficiency Expert: Frederick Winslow Taylor 1856-1915
A rich Germantown Quaker boy became the world's symbol of the efficiency expert with a stop-watch, hated by Labor Unions but admired by Lenin and Stalin. He enriched the Midvale Steel Company with his invention of high-speed steel but was fired by Bethlehem Steel for eliminating too many employs. 000..0ees. Peter Drucker placed him in the class of innovators beside Darwin and Freud.

Mon Jun 03, 2019

1002 Urban Termites
Slums are occasionally created deliberately ... when skyscrapers are conceived, the neighborhood must change, even if it's a nice neighborhood.

Mon Jun 03, 2019

1759 Puritan Boston & Quaker Philadelphia
The University of Pennsylvania Sociology professor E. Digby Baltzell drew attention to the strong persistence of earlier elite influences, using Philadelphia's Quakers and Boston's Puritans as prime examples.

Mon Jun 03, 2019

3950 Proposals for Reform of Health Care Financing: Trimming Fat Makes Better Insurance Affordable.
New blog 2018-10-31 20:05:30 description

Mon Jun 03, 2019

3948 Proposals for Reform of Health Care Financing: Acknowledgements.
New blog 2018-10-31 15:16:14 description

Mon Jun 03, 2019

3712 The Zimmerman Telegram
Millions died, maybe because of one stolen telegram.

Mon Jun 03, 2019

2440 Proposal for the Parkway
In 1986 the architect Alvin Holm proposed an amphitheater for the Parkway. It was too soon, but maybe its time is approaching.

Mon Jun 03, 2019

3749 The Troubled Times: Gray Lady in Limbo.
The Troubled Times: Gray Lady in Limbo As Executive Editor Abe Rosenthal Approaches Retirement Age, Tremors Shake “The Newspaper of Record” First of three articles By Eleanor Randolph, Washington Post Staff Writer, Written January 7, 1986

Mon Jun 03, 2019

1689 Population Growth: Constitutional Mathematics
It makes a big difference how many congressmen there are, and how many constituents they have. The problem was addressed in 1792, but it got lost.

Fri May 31, 2019

795 Politics of the French and Indian War
The French and Indian War is usually depicted as combining French treachery, Braddock's arrogance, Quaker stupidity, and Ben Franklin's heroism. Here's an incisive Quaker reply.

Fri May 31, 2019

3903 PMS Council on Medical economics Reps Meet with Regan Officials in Washington.
New blog 2018-08-31 15:36:37 description

Fri May 31, 2019

1294 Please Touch
The Please Touch Museum, a roaring success story, is planning to move too much larger quarters in the Fall of 2008.

Fri May 31, 2019

4011 Philadelpia Hospitals, Past and Future
The first hospital in the Western Hemisphere was the Pennsylvania Hospital, founded by Benj. Franklin and Dr. Thomas Bond in 1751, still going strong at 8th and Spruce Streets. Philadelphia General and New York's Bellvue challenge this primacy, but they were originally almshouses.



Fri May 31, 2019

935 Philadelphia's Two Years Under Attack: A Chronology
the First year: The British marched from Perth Amboy, back to Perth Amboy. the Second year: The British sailed from Perth Amboy, back to Perth Amboy.

Fri May 31, 2019

3508 The Stamp Tax: Highly Innovative, Much Underestimated


Fri May 31, 2019

2244 The Signers of the Declaration of Independence
{Signers of The Declaration of Independence}It was ratified by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. This anniversary is celebrated as Independence Day in the United States. The handwritten copy signed by the delegates to the Congress is on display in the National Archives in Washington, D.C.

Fri May 31, 2019

3734 The Marriage of Figaro, Huzzah!
A recent performance of The Marriage of Figaro reminds us that it had strong Philadelphia beginnings which recent immigrants from other cities don't seem to know about.

Fri May 31, 2019

613 Philadelphia Food: Ingredients
The region has always been surrounded by abundant fishing, hunting, and farm products.

Fri May 31, 2019

2667 The Last of the Algonquins
Jonathan Schau recently wrote a play for the Franklin Inn about the heyday of the Algonquin Round Table, just before everyone left the New Yorker to try out in Hollywood. Just in case anyone had doubts about the consumption of alcohol, I rose to tell the story of the autopsy of one of the central figures.

Fri May 31, 2019

1664 The Kappa Lambda Society of Hippocrates
{Kappa Lambda superimposed over a bust of Hippocrates} The Secret Origins of the American Medical Association

Fri May 31, 2019

2291 Personalities Who Wrote the Constitution
Seventy-four men were invited to the 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia; fifty attended. Fewer than a dozen were known to make a significant contribution, although it is hard to believe Benjamin Franklin and John Adams were as silent as the records seem to depict them.

Fri May 31, 2019

985 Perpetual Fire Insurance
Perpetual fire insurance was a brilliant idea for two hundred years, but after that, the risks have gradually shifted.

Fri May 31, 2019

2113 Pennsylvania: Browbeaten Into Joining a War
America declared Independence on July 4, 1776, but England had decided a year earlier to suppress the rebellion by overwhelming force and announced it six months later. France was then smuggling in gunpowder and guns. But Pacifist Pennsylvania held out until there was a British naval attack in the Delaware River, in May 1776, and a huge army had arrived at New Brunswick in June. The British wanted to confront us with a choice of surrender or subjugation. We picked the third choice the British never considered, to resist until they treated us better.

Fri May 31, 2019

2237 Penman of the Constitution
The courts have spent a fair amount of time arguing about the meaning of phrases, words and even punctuation in the Constitution. That's what constitutional lawyers think they are paid to do. It seems possible the document survived for centuries, only because its final wording was left to a lawyer who took words seriously, using as few as possible.

Fri May 31, 2019

2405 Peggy Shippen and Benedict Arnold: Fallen Idols
The hero of the Battle of Saratoga married the Queen of Philadelphia society, but then betrayed the country.

Fri May 31, 2019

2811 Paying for the Healthcare of Children
New blog 2015-02-18 20:16:10 description

Fri May 31, 2019

1808 Wood Turning
Tucked underneath the Ben Franklin Bridge, a non-profit museum displays the work of turners, artists mostly working in their garages, a most endearing place to visit when you are near the Constitution Center in Philadelphia. A little hard to get there on one-way streets.

Fri May 31, 2019

1056 Patent Pending
The provision for patents is part of the Constitution, and seems a little out of place. The motion was made by James Madison and seconded by Thomas Pinckney. But some of us think it sounds more like the work of Ben Franklin.

Fri May 31, 2019

1588 Wagner Free Institute of Science
The Wagner science museum may not be the oldest museum in Philadelphia, but it is certainly the only one that is exactly the same as it was in the Nineteenth Century. It's a museum museum.

Fri May 31, 2019

987 Owen Roberts
His old law firm devotes a reception room to his name, but not everyone is pleased with either his writing the documents establishing the Barnes Foundation, or his capitulation to Franklin Roosevelt

Fri May 31, 2019

1448 Volunteerism Needs a Business Plan
Volunteerism has declined in recent years because of conflicting demands made by gainful employment. The spirit of volunteerism has not diminished, it just needs a different business plan.



Fri May 31, 2019

1441 The Value of Large Law Firms
Young lawyers clamor and strive to be employed by huge law firms, but most of them complain bitterly once they achieve the goal. What's this all about?

Fri May 31, 2019

1415 xxSHAKeSPEaRE SOCIETY OF PHILADELPHIA ,12/10/ 2003
xxxxMEETING OF THE SHAKSPERE SOCIETY OF PHILADELPHIA AT THE FRANKLIN INN CLUB, 12/10/ 2003

Fri May 31, 2019

1410 The Garden Show Evolves
Exhibitors at the Philadelphia Garden Show have gradually evolved from amateurs to nurserymen, and from nurserymen to florists.

Fri May 31, 2019

1243 Overnight in Philadelphia: Tourism Suggestions
Philadelphia tourists often stay in suburban hotels, but there is a cluster of charming places right downtown. They're inexpensive and very convenient.

Wed May 29, 2019

1817 Original Intent and the Miranda Decision
Right before our eyes, we can watch the Miranda decision migrate away from the original intent.

Wed May 29, 2019

591 Northern Liberties Starts to Revive
Formerly the region just outside the city limits, the Liberties have a raunchy history but even that declined. Right now, it's practically open space, right next to the center of the city; there's even a horse farm there.

Wed May 29, 2019

1067 North of Market
This old local expression originally pointed to where the Quakers live on Arch Street, but over the centuries has taken on a lot of less flattering associations.

Wed May 29, 2019

1683 Newspapers
With newspapers rapidly becoming extinct, a central feature of old age is destined to change.

Wed May 29, 2019

1996 Newburgh NY: Washington Slept Here
After the battle of Yorktown the British knew they were beaten, but still stationed a menacing army in New York. Upriver at Newburgh, Washington struggled to keep his own army from deserting.

Wed May 29, 2019

1361 The Founding of The Franklin Inn Club
A History of the Franklin Inn, written for the 5oth Anniversary Dinner, by Arthur Hobson Quinn in 1952.

Wed May 29, 2019

1278 The University Museum: Frozen in Concrete
Archaeology has long been at the center of Philadelphia culture. The University Museum of Archaeology, the largest of its kind in America. is a victim of success, stranded in a congested and overbuilt corner of town.

Wed May 29, 2019

1149 The Scotch-Irish In the Revolution
English Quakers and Rhineland Germans were eternally grateful to the British Monarch for offering them an American refuge. By contrast, the Scotch-Irish, although energetic frontiersmen, harbored lasting resentment against the English Kings who had driven them here.

Wed May 29, 2019

1143 William Allen, Tory
History is written by the victors, so the rich Tory William Allen is largely forgotten. But he was Chief Justice, probably the richest man in the colony, the son in law of Andrew Hamilton and the father in law of John Penn, the Proprietor, and Governor.

Wed May 29, 2019

1137 Virginia Invades Pennsylvania
Virginians always lusted for "Ohio" which in their mind stretched from Pittsburgh to the Pacific Ocean. The chaos of the Revolution provided an opportunity for Lord Dunmore the Governor to move in on the Ohio Valley, but it proved too much of a stretch.

Wed May 29, 2019

1101 Victorian Broad Street
Some massive beautiful Victorian buildings still dominate the City crossroads on Broad Street near City Hall.

Wed May 29, 2019

1523 New Museum of Chemical Heritage
There's a stunning new museum on Chestnut Street, right across the street from Carpenters Hall. It's intended to convince everybody that chemistry is fascinating, particularly those who incline to doubt it.

Fri May 24, 2019

1298 New Jersey: A Keg Tapped at Both Ends (1)
Trenton has an urban revival but -- so far -- very few visitors tour the much-restored Statehouse. It's worth a trip.

Fri May 24, 2019

3861 New Invention of the Human: Shakspere, and Zuckerberg


Fri May 24, 2019

2344 Muddle: The War of 1812
The War of 1812 was a muddle, made worse by biased historians like Henry Adams, and politics in upheaval. Howard Calloway may not have the story precisely right, but at least he has a plausible explanation for the episode.

Fri May 24, 2019

1991 Ms. Mayor
The current, and long time, Mayor of Haddonfield New Jersey is a lady from Odessa, Texas.

Fri May 24, 2019

2173 Mr. Obama Attacks Unemployment
The 2012 election campaign has not yet selected its Republican candidate, but Mr. Obama has been officially running for re-election for several months. His big issue is unemployment, and he has staged a dramatic moment for three days after Labor Day, 2011. Sixteen more months of campaigning await us.

Fri May 24, 2019

2181 Morris Upended by a Nobody
Adjusting to winning the Revolutionary War was almost as painful as losing it would have been. Especially for Robert Morris.

Fri May 24, 2019

1087 The Richest Men in America
In ten minutes, you can walk between the Society Hill homes of Robert Morris, William Bingham, Stephan Girard, and Nicholas Biddle.

Fri May 24, 2019

1710 Molly Maguires of Pennsylvania (2)
Almost everything the Molly Maguires said about their ruthless enemy the mine owner was accurate. Unfortunately, much of what he said about them was also accurate. And both sides said things that were pure fabrications.

Fri May 24, 2019

1047 The Philadelphia Bay (1)
In geological times, New Jersey and Delaware were barrier islands of the Atlantic, and lower Delaware Bay was the inlet between them. Then, we silted up and formed land bridges, leaving a twisting extension of a river which originally ended at Trenton. Upper Delaware Bay is Philadelphia Bay.

Fri May 24, 2019

1063 Monetary Causes of the American Revolutionary War
For the only time in our history, the government didn't print enough money, The British found that was just as bad as printing too much,

Fri May 24, 2019

1014 The First and Oldest Hospital in America
The history of American medicine is the history of the Pennsylvania Hospital.

Fri May 24, 2019

1010 Where Do Shad Go, When They Aren't Around Here?
The Bay of Fundy.

Fri May 24, 2019

938 Washington Lurks in Bucks County, Waiting for Howe to Make a Move
Washington, LaFayette, and twenty-seven other famous heroes of the Revolution spent a week in this Bucks County farmhouse, waiting for the British to make a move. Washington had a bottle of Madeira every day for lunch, but Mrs. Moland made him sleep on the floor, and pay for cleaning up when they left.

Fri May 24, 2019

936 When Bosses Ruled Philadelphia
Starting with the gas works, a scholar makes the point that modern big-city political machines are financed by Utility companies. Utilities prefer one-stop payoffs to a lot of petty grafters, and being monopolies, they pass the cost to the customers.

Fri May 24, 2019

800 Mister Roberts
Franklin Roosevelt threatened to keep adding Supreme Court justices until he got a majority to agree with him. And then one vote switched; a Switch in Time, which saved nine. Owen Roberts of Philadelphia did the switching.

Fri May 24, 2019

3186 Millennials: The New Romantics?
The romantic period of literature is said to have followed the Enlightenment. Maybe they were just different people at the same time.

Fri May 24, 2019

3757 Michael Dell, the Millionaire Teen-ager.
Happy Birthday, Mike.

Fri May 24, 2019

1570 Merging Cities With Their Suburbs
When middle-sized cities are thriving and growing, they tend to want to annex neighboring districts. Their newspapers are ecstatic about it.

Thu May 23, 2019

577 Mark Twain Sees Philadelphia in 1853
On his first visit to Philadelphia, Mark Twain was a very young man.



Thu May 23, 2019

1340 Making Volunteerism a Business
The computer has systematically eliminated middle-men and middle management in every business. Why not extend that to social clubs, entertainment, and the rest of the non-profit world?

Thu May 23, 2019

848 Making Money (5)
The business cycle has not been repealed. Other countries are likely to drag us into the next world recession, and we had better be thinking ahead.

Thu May 23, 2019

906 Madame Butterfly (2)
It is Puccini's genius to take this story of two nasty Americans destroying an honorable Japanese girl, and using the same story with the same words, make it into a romantic woman destroyed by a hopeless, helpless love affair. /br>

Thu May 23, 2019

1810 Lumpers In Constant Combat With Splitters
The home dinner table is no longer the place most families teach the rules of conduct to each other, probably because of the invasion of homes by television. But there are places where friendly debate is still conducted and social issues are settled. In Philadelphia, newcomers are still taught what's what, in this manner.

Thu May 23, 2019

1778 Literary Figures in the Philadelphia Region
.

Thu May 23, 2019

1130 Lin
Can a town of 5000 residents, with a two hundred-bed hospital, have the services of the best surgeon in the world? It all depends on your definitions.

Thu May 23, 2019

2136 Limits of Leverage
The American Revolutionary War was supposed to lead to paradise, but nobody was very happy with the state of affairs it left behind.

Thu May 23, 2019

1658 Lexington, Concord, and All That
What was the point of declaring independence, when the colonies had already been at war with England for over a year?

Thu May 23, 2019

2304 Lazaretto
The oldest quarantine station in the Western hemisphere is located next to the airport on Tinicum Island, quite easily visited by car. It dates from Philadelphia's famous Yellow Fever epidemics of 1793.

Thu May 23, 2019

682 The Revolutionary Origins of The Methodist Church
The Wesley brothers converted so many Americans to the Anglican church, they couldn't ordain enough ministers. Reluctantly, Americans were allowed to ordain their own ministers. When the Revolution was over, they had drifted into a new Protestant denomination.

Wed May 22, 2019

565 Larger Clubs
No longer exclusively all-male (or, occasionally, all-female), the downtown club is changing its role but remains a social center of considerable importance.

Wed May 22, 2019

676 The Origins of Haddonfield
Haddonfield was founded by a 19-year-old Quaker girl in 1701 when it was still a fairly dangerous place to walk around. She has over 140 direct descendants, and forty of them still live in the town. Some famous scenes from the Revolutionary War took place here.

Wed May 22, 2019

1045 Joseph Priestley, Shaker and Mover
The father of the science of chemistry was also the founder of the Unitarian Church in America.

Wed May 22, 2019

2012 Joseph Priestley of Northumberland, PA
If asked to name the residence of Joseph Priestley, the Father of Modern Chemistry, most people would not think of Northumberland, PA.

Wed May 22, 2019

2320 John Rutledge and Judicial Powers
History neglects the role of John Rutledge of South Carolina in shaping the Constitution, because of his defense of slavery. Nevertheless, he rose to the moment when left in charge of a committee, to fill in gaps important to judges and lawyers. No matter what else it is, the Constitution is the capstone of our legal system.

Wed May 22, 2019

783 John Bartram's Garden
Bartram's farm dates back to the earliest days of Philadelphia, and it's still much the same farm, right in the midst of urban.

Wed May 22, 2019

902 Benjamin Franklin Parkway (2)
Parthenon-like Art Museum at the other.

Wed May 22, 2019

1032 It Ain't Necessarily So


Wed May 22, 2019

903 A Toast To Silas Weir Mitchell, MD
Philadelphia medical scene, and the literary one.

Wed May 22, 2019

879 Disorderly Retreat: From Trenton Back to Perth Amboy
At the Battle of Trenton, George Washington established his military reputation for all time.

Wed May 22, 2019

876 Germantown and the French and Indian War
In 1750, the frontier was not very far from Germantown, and the pacifist Germans were as conflicted as English Quakers about Scotch-Irish behavior, Indian warfare techniques, and Benjamin Franklin

Wed May 22, 2019

875 Germantown Before 1730
The early German settlers of Germantown were religious intellectuals, with a Swiss background and a history of religious martyrdom.

Wed May 22, 2019

868 Market Street, East (3)
Philadelphia built a White House for George Washington at Ninth and Market, a block from the place Franklin once flew his kite.

Wed May 22, 2019

867 Fair Mount
Philadelphia's acropolis is Faire Mount, where the Art Museum marks the entrance to Fairmount Park. Stretching beyond is Boathouse Row and its rowing races. When the azaleas are in bloom, it's the match of any place in the world.

Wed May 22, 2019

2653 International Law
International Law is only for foreigners

Wed May 22, 2019

825 A Single International Currency?
Half the world cheats, the other half grumbles, when American dollars become a reserve currency for the rest of the world. It will be a long time before the world has a single unified currency, and it may not be desirable.

Wed May 22, 2019

804 Curtis: The Business Plan
Magazines are sold for less than they cost to print, just as grand opera costs more to produce than the ticket price. Therefore, both survival and failure can have misleading causes.

Wed May 22, 2019

2581 Howard Calloway: On the European Union
New blog 2013-11-19 20:30:47 description

Tue May 21, 2019

2353 Historic Wasp-Waist of New Jersey
1522 Hidden River
In season, and for benefits, cruises of the Schuylkill are starting to be available at the Walnut Street dock. Go down the stairs at 24th Street.

Tue May 21, 2019

1258 Herbert Hoover, Mining Engineer
Herbert Clark Hoover was a Quaker, an outstanding executive, a hero of famine relief, a loyal Republican, and President of the United States elected by a landslide vote, then defeated by one. But above all, he was a mining engineer.

Tue May 21, 2019

2701 Healthcare's Growing List of Indebtedness
Healthcare of a nation, like the annual report of a corporation, ought to display its indebtedness to its stockholders, the citizens. Although nothing has been actively concealed, the national healthcare debt of the nation is seldom given in detail. Here's what we'd like to know.

Tue May 21, 2019

3745 Health Savings Accounts: Synopsis


Tue May 21, 2019

1262 Hayek Confronts Keynes
The influence of Austrian economist Friedrich von Hayek is slowly winning out over the views of the English economist Maynard Keynes, even though both of them are dead. Which is worse, inflation or depression?

Tue May 21, 2019

3837 Haskell, Bob
New blog 2018-02-24 21:33:11 description

Tue May 21, 2019

942 Greenwich, Where?
A charming little colonial village in the Pine Woods of New Jersey has a long history, few visitors, and nothing reconstructed. It's the real thing.

Tue May 21, 2019

1660 Globalization
Peter Alois, now retired from a career as an international economics envoy for the Department of Commerce, discusses free and fair trade, and other issues related to globalization.

Tue May 21, 2019

4047 Norcross
New blog 2019-05-21 00:54:26 description

Tue May 21, 2019

1451 GIC in Paris
The Global Interdependence Council (GIC) visited the Banque de France in May 2008.

Mon May 20, 2019

921 Battleship New Jersey: Home is the Sailor
Battleship N.J.The battleship New Jersey, mightiest dreadnought in our history, now rests in Camden. At one time, it could have blown up Valley Forge without moving from that position.

Mon May 20, 2019

1742 George Washington's Cherry Tree, Revisited
Everybody knows the story of Washington chopping the cherry tree is bunk. But debunking drowns out a greater truth.

Mon May 20, 2019

537 George Washington Defends Philadelphia in New Jersey
On a chessboard of geography, the generals must deploy their armies, and anticipate what the other army might do.

Mon May 20, 2019

805 Curtis: Those 1905 Delivery Trucks
The streets around the Curtis Building were populated with huge solid-tire, battery-driven delivery trucks. They were built in 1905, cost almost nothing to run, and crept along at 5 miles an hour. It was impossible not to notice them, and that was the main idea.

Mon May 20, 2019

802 Carpenters Hall
Carpenter's Hall now seems a little place, and it was chopped up into still smaller rooms at the time of the Continental CongressBut nevertheless it was the biggest rentable place in the largest town in the colonies, so 53 delegates crowded in and did their work.

Mon May 20, 2019

782 East Park Jingle
The east side of Fairmount Park is where the grand folks, both Tories and Rebels, had their mansions during the Revolution, and many mansions are still there to be visited.

Mon May 20, 2019

1704 Geckos: Academy of Natural Sciences brings Mini Dinosaurs
Philadelphia's Academy of Natural Sciences introduced the world to dinosaurs, and now introduces us to a miniature version.

Mon May 20, 2019

1694 Gazela Primeiro
The Gazela PrimeiroThe Gazela Primeiro is a tall sailing ship which has become a regular visitor to the Philadelphia waterfront at the foot of Market Street.

Mon May 20, 2019

2794 Gashouse Gang


Mon May 20, 2019

755 Finances of the Girard Estate
When he died in 1830. Stephen Girard was the richest man in America. A quick review of the outcome of his life work suggests he was maybe the smartest man in America, too.

Mon May 20, 2019

1297 Gardening Survives
A new book has arrived, describing the 90 great public gardens of the Philadelphia regions, and discussing the best 40 of them in detail.

Mon May 20, 2019

729 Colleges and Religions Drift Apart
American colleges and universities were originally founded to teach ministers..

Mon May 20, 2019

2432 Army War College in Carlisle
If you have been to Carlisle, PA, you have seen the Army War College, but you may not know much about it.

Mon May 20, 2019

1091 Free Quaker Meetinghouse
It's only open a few days each year, but the red brick building at 5th and Arch was the meeting house for those few Quakers, including Betsy Ross, who fought for the Revolution. The Park Service has made a beautiful restoration, which deserves to be seen by more people.

Mon May 20, 2019

531 Franklin's Public Pledge to Braddock
The pacifist Quaker legislature was paralyzed with indecision when General Braddock brought troops from England to defend the western frontier, but lacked horses and wagons. Franklin risked debtors prison by personally pledging to repay local farmers whose wagons were soon lost at Fort Duquesne.

Mon May 20, 2019

1636 Franklin Institute: Hawks and Galileo
From May to Labor Day, 2009, a spectacular exhibit of the original instruments of Galileo is on loan from the Medici Museum in Florence. Hawks are nesting on the window sill, which you can watch from this page.

Mon May 20, 2019

3736 Franklin Institute Awards Week


Mon May 20, 2019

1514 Frank Furness,(3) Rush's Lancer
One of Philadelphia's most famous architects had two notable exploits as a Civil War cavalry officer, one of which won him the Congressional Medal of Honor.

Mon May 20, 2019

2144 Fort Wilson: Philadelphia 1779
History was made at 3rd and Walnut, but so far, is unmarked.

Mon May 20, 2019

3902 Four Prescriptions: Proposals or Reform of Health care Financing Rx. I: PRE-FUNDED HEALTH INSURANCE
New blog 2018-08-30 17:00:36 description

Mon May 20, 2019

2194 Fort Mifflin
Ordered by George Washington to fight on "to the utmost extremity", the Revolutionary War defenders of Fort Mifflin came close to defeating the British Navy.

Fri May 17, 2019

1560 For the Good of the Order
.

Fri May 17, 2019

1796 Foot of Arch Street
The foot of Arch was once the center of town, and Arch Street from Delaware to the Schuylkill was the center of Quaker life for two centuries.

Fri May 17, 2019

842 European Common Currency
The European central bank has done a good job, but European culture is a little slow.

Thu May 16, 2019

3498 Escrow and/or Escrow-like
New blog 2016-03-10 20:51:19 description

Thu May 16, 2019

1163 Eakins and Doctors
Philadelphia's art world joined its medical world in reacting fiercely to Jefferson Medical College's sale of the best painting by the best artist of Philadelphia's Nineteenth century.

Thu May 16, 2019

1424 Durance Vile
Imprisonment is a comparatively recent form of punishment, only marginally better than the alternatives.

Thu May 16, 2019

3889 Doses of Medicine: A Physician Prescribes Changes for the Health Industry
New blog 2018-07-20 16:09:40 description

Thu May 16, 2019

1181 Donor Intent
Measure a civilization by how it acts when a donor has died but his possessions endure. Especially when his firmly declared wishes conflict with their own.

Thu May 16, 2019

620 Defeat and Disaster: Philadelphia Falls to the Enemy
Howe was to take New York (and Philadelphia if there was an opportunity) and then go up the Hudson to join an army under Burgoyne, which was coming down from Quebec. Howe, who was related to the King, decided on his own to take Philadelphia and leave Burgoyne to his own devices. The plan was too ambitious, and although he conquered the enemy capital, he lost his war.

Thu May 16, 2019

2677 Decline and Fall of Philadelphia


Thu May 16, 2019

3731 De-Globalization: Is It Real? Compared With War, Is It Cheap?


Thu May 16, 2019

1224 Day Two: Rehoboth to Kennett Square
The southwestern shore of Delaware Bay was an isolated swampy world until a couple of decades ago. It now seems to hurtle toward a resemblance to Luxembourg or Liechtenstein. Any way you look at it, the State of Delaware is very charming.

Thu May 16, 2019

1223 Day One: Camden to Cape May
Pine Barrens occupy the center of South Jersey. Settlements for three centuries have clustered along both banks of the Delaware Bay, like beads on two strings. On the Jersey side of the bay runs the King's Highway from Haddonfield to Salem. From there to Cape May, follow the Del-Sea Drive.

Thu May 16, 2019

994 Dark Morning at the Supreme Court
Shouldn't the Supreme Court televise its hearings?

Thu May 16, 2019

1790 Cushman Club for Lonesome Actresses
One of the ancient Camac Street clubs has closed its doors, to become a charitable foundation.

Thu May 16, 2019

834 Curing Deflation
Some recessions and deflations have lasted a long time, in spite of every effort to reverse them. The cause and cure of deflation remain uncertain.

Thu May 16, 2019

3259 Coordinating New HSA with The Affordable Care Act.
New blog 2015-07-10 22:24:29 description

Wed May 15, 2019

2729 Condominiums, Revisited


Wed May 15, 2019

1813 Bergdoll the Rich Draft Dodger
Now that the Fairmount Section of Philadelphia has had a revival, an astonishingly large mansion emerges into plain sight, inevitably sparking a discussion of its lurid history.

Wed May 15, 2019

1282 Clinton Plan Summary: Effects on National Health
It is not possible to prove whether the recently reduced quality of care which physicians deplore, has resulted in decreased health or not. In a wry way, it is their own fault.

Wed May 15, 2019

2117 Christmas, 1776, Behind the Scenes at Trenton
Christmas may have been a good time to surprise the Hessians at Trenton. But it was also a week before many enlistments of Washington's Continental army expired. Now or never..

Wed May 15, 2019

1756 First Amendment: Separation of Church and State
Eleven of the original thirteen colonies had,"established" religions. The separation of church and state by the First Amendment was not a statement of fact, but a worrisome departure from the past, mostly prompted by the behavior of the Virginia Episcopalians. For the Pennsylvania Quakers, disestablishment was a most disheartening event.

Wed May 15, 2019

1455 Charter of Incorporation of Franklin Inn Club (1902)
In 1902, four noted Philadelphia gentlemen appeared before a judge and incorporated the Franklin Inn Club, whose purpose was to promote social intercourse among authors, illustrators, editors, and publishers.

Wed May 15, 2019

2680 Changing Environment
A healthy long lifestyle sometimes puts a strain on a prosperous one.

Wed May 15, 2019

2561 CANDIDATE MAIN PAGE
This blog is the main feature of the candidate webpage

Wed May 15, 2019

1724 Camden NJ: The Third, or Irish, Tenth
Early settlers of the Delaware Bay, generally picked the eastern, now New Jersey, side of the river because the terrain was easier to farm. In time, the vast wilderness on the western, or Pennsylvania, side led to more commerce.

Wed May 15, 2019

1442 Broad Street North and South
Broad Street in Philadelphia stretches due north from the old Nary Yard on the Delaware River, past City Hall in the center of town, to the northern edge of the city at Elkins Park. Further North of the City Route 611 continues straight on through Doylestown to Easton, where it rejoins the Delaware River.

Wed May 15, 2019

714 Brewerytown
Brewerytown is an unofficial term for the North Philadelphia area which filled with a hundred breweries and ethnic German residents after the Civil War. Prohibition destroyed that industry and created slums. Gentrification is now in progress.

Wed May 15, 2019

705 Books by Philadelphians or about Philadelphia
A sampling of great books by Philadelphians, and great books about Philadelphia.

Wed May 15, 2019

3833 Bob Gill, M.D.
Bob was the first of several doctors who shared offices with me; our relationship broke up because of an extraordinary investment opportunity he fell into.

Wed May 15, 2019

3891 Blue Shield and Blue Cross Whats at stake? IV Paying for near charity
New blog 2018-08-07 16:10:34 description

Wed May 15, 2019

1811 Bill Gates Gets a Medal
The 2010 Bower Award was given to William Henry Gates, III by the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia. Although he might not agree, his life raises the topic of incentives.

Tue May 14, 2019

493 Benjamin Franklin Parkway (1)
The slash of a diagonal boulevard across Philadelphia's rectangular street pattern took a long time to heal. But if traffic remains reasonable, it's becoming a museum paradise.

Tue May 14, 2019

3838 Benjamin Franklin Bridge and Delaware River Port Authority.
The Delaware River Port Authority, Senior Engineer Michael Howard.

Tue May 14, 2019

2125 Beaumarchais: A Playwright Brings France into the American Revolution
Pierre-Augustin Beaumarchais, the author of the classic opera, The Barber of Seville was also a crucial financial and ideological supporter of the Revolutionary War.

Tue May 14, 2019

1662 Barringer Crater in Winslow AZ
The crater is in Arizona, but the owners are in Philadelphia.

Tue May 14, 2019

2700 Barnes Arboretum
The Barnes impressionistic art has moved to the Parkway in Philadelphia, where Dr. Barnes said he never wanted it to be, But the Arboretum remains on Latches Lane in Merion, just across City Line Avenue, next to where Episcopal Academy used to be, and now is occupied by St. Joseph's.

Tue May 14, 2019

2343 ARCHITECTURE OF GOVERNMENT: (2) COMPROMISE BETWEEN BIG AND LITTLE STATES SETS THE TONE
When a set of principles is set before fifty distinguished men of affairs who respect, but most do not know, each other - even they are surprised by what emerges after their experience collides with a simple theory.

Tue May 14, 2019

4030 Famous People Buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery
Famous People in Laurel Hill. Naturally, lots of other people are buried there, too.

Tue May 14, 2019

1401 Authors, Writers, Poets, Reporters and Publishers in Laurel Hill Cemetery
Authors, Writers, Poets, Reporters and Publishers in Laurel Hill. Naturally, lots of other people are buried there, too.

Tue May 14, 2019

3304 Assorted Proposals


Mon May 13, 2019

3819 Artificial Intelligence


Mon May 13, 2019

1603 Appendix J, Special Events
The difference between an Annual Outing and a Special Event would be hard to define, but the minutes of the Club make this distinction.

Mon May 13, 2019

1607 Appendix F, Dinner For President Taft
When the club had President Taft to dinner, Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller, the Mayor, the Senators, and lots of others seemed appropriate, too. The First City Troop assumed the security chores.

Mon May 13, 2019

1619 Appendix C, Honored Guests
Five Presidents of the American Medical Association were members of this club, and at least three Presidents of the United States were honored. The eminent physicians of the day, world-over, were invited, guests.

Mon May 13, 2019

1576 Another Toast to S. Weir Mitchell
The former President of Swarthmore College tips his hat to the founder of the Franklin Inn Club.

Mon May 13, 2019

1548 An Industrial Nation, or a Plantation Society?
The founding of America produced patriots, heroes, revolutionaries and other idealists. James Madison was our first modern politician.

Mon May 13, 2019

2649 American Exceptionalism Has Something To Do With Compromise
New blog 2014-03-29 20:47:27 description

Mon May 13, 2019

3735 Aaron Burr: Good Guy, or Skunk?
Aaron Burr killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel, fair and square. Was that good, or bad?

Fri May 10, 2019

904 A Toast To J. William White, MD
Franklin Inn holds the J. William White dinner every year on Benjamin Franklin's birthday. A surgeon, author, politician, athlete, cavalryman, and duelist, Bill was a real Philadelphia gentleman.

Fri May 10, 2019

3820 A Civilian Home From the Sea
My Former Roommate Comes Home From the Korean War (1954).

Fri May 10, 2019

2596

CHAPTER TWO: The Supreme Court
Will Be Heard




Fri May 10, 2019

3727 (1) Medicine at the Two Ends of Life: First year of Life, and Last Years of Life.
Every person is born and will die. For other health care, a cure might be possible.

Thu May 09, 2019

2006 Using the Delaware River as a Weapon
Washington invented modern guerrilla warfare. One important element was to have boats when the enemy was boatless. At the Battle of Trenton, he crossed and recrossed Delaware, leaving his enemy stranded on the other side.

Tue May 07, 2019

1176 Yet Another Toast to Dr. J. William White
a great many toasts to J. William White have been given since his death in 1916. This one was proposed by Philadelphia's lawyer-novelist Arthur R. G. Solmssen.

Fri May 03, 2019

1263 Pennsylvania Prison Society
When the British monarchy put William Penn in jail, they set in motion a social movement which has changed prison management more than it changed Penn.

Fri May 03, 2019

4000 Why So Little Inflation?
Arriving late on Monday, I didn't catch the subject or the speaker. Never mind. What I did catch was the text, misunderstanding public debt, and inflation. No one understands why we don't have more inflation. since we have plenty of debt.

Thu May 02, 2019

1039 Meschianza
With two hundred years of embellishment, the story of the big party the British Army gave for Philadelphia as a goodbye present, lives on and on. For any ambitious hostess, this is still the party to equal, although neither the Quakers nor the Patriots thought very highly of it.

Thu May 02, 2019

1099 French Philadelphia
The French and the English fought for centuries; colonies seeking independence played one against the other. Our cooking, clothing, and architecture went French when we favored France; traces of many periods still reflect that fact.

Thu May 02, 2019

2134 Playing The Cards As You Are Dealt Them
Living on earned income is a fairly recent phenomenon. Just when we start to get used to it, it steadily diminishes as a proportion of life span.

Thu May 02, 2019

1687 Pot Belly
It isn't just your weight that changes as you grow old, it's your shape.

Tue Apr 30, 2019

1151 The Jews in Colonial Philadelphia
Sephardic Jews came to Philadelphia quite early as part of New Amsterdam, with a second influx when the British occupied New York. They seem to have played an important role in financing the Revolution.

Tue Apr 30, 2019

961 Keeping Lunaticks Off the Streets


Tue Apr 30, 2019

489 American Philosophical Society
/>Charles Wilson Peale started his museum of curiosities here and then moved it to the second floor of Independence Hall, where he painted the famous portrait of himself holding up the curtain.
	
                        </a>
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                    <br><br>Tue Apr 30, 2019</p>
            
                <p class='individualColumn'>
                    1102
                    <a class='individualColumnLink'
                       href='https://philadelphia-reflections.com/blog/1102.htm'
                       target= Christ Church and Elfreths Alley
Two of our oldest and most charming tourist attractions are just across the street from each other.

Tue Apr 30, 2019

2433 Adoption
Although the Romans frequently adopted children, the practice died out in the 6th century, and only became common a thousand years later. Curiously little has been written about this matter, so speculation is probably unwise.

Thu Apr 25, 2019

1108 Harvard Men Suggest a Cold Place for Yale
The northeast corner of Pennsylvania was once covered by a glacier.

Thu Apr 18, 2019

1324 Call KML files from within a blog or topic
How to create a button to call a KML or KMZ file

Mon Jun 04, 2012

Topics
29

86 Up Market Street
to Sixth and Walnut

Independence HallMillions of eye patients have been asked to read the passage from Franklin's autobiography, "I walked up Market Street, etc." which is commonly printed on eye-test cards. Here's your chance to do it.

Thu Dec 19, 2019

6 Benjamin Franklin
A collection of Benjamin Franklin tidbits that relate Philadelphia's revolutionary prelate to his moving around the city, the colonies, and the world.

Fri Sep 20, 2019

200 Westphalia: Church Politics Adjusts Boundaries, Then Everything Changes
In 1648, the Treaty of Westphalia created the modern nation-state.

Fri Sep 20, 2019

524 Constitution and Civil War
The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery (and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime). It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, and by the House on January 31, 1865.

Fri Sep 20, 2019

548 The Prohibitory Act of the British Parliament Starts the Revolution. Whose Idea?
red box

Wed Sep 18, 2019

70 Causes of the American Revolution
Britain and its colonies had outgrown Eighteenth Century techniques of governance. Unfortunately, both England and America lacked the sophistication to make drastic changes smoothly.

Wed Sep 18, 2019

85 Arch Street: from Sixth to Second
When the large meeting house at Fourth and Arch was built, many Quakers moved their houses to the area. At that time, "North of Market" implied the Quaker region of town.

Fri Aug 16, 2019

537 Lumpers, Splitters and Technicians: The Framers of the American Constitution
Half a dozen distinguished colonists came to believe the thirteen American colonies could not survive unless they banded together. Eight years of bitter experiences during the Revolutionary War had taught them they must unite. We might call them lumpers.

Fri Aug 09, 2019

215 ...Pre-Convention Events
We had a varsity team, but we needed a plan.

Mon Aug 05, 2019

24 Articles of Confederation
The Articles of Confederation were written by John Dickinson, modified by others. Officially unratified for five years, the country was ruled under them in Philadelphia, for thirteen. They taught many lessons, which we sometimes forget we had experienced.

Mon Aug 05, 2019

538 American Constitution: States Rights, The Bill of Rights
The Splitters.

Wed Jul 31, 2019

197 ...Ratification, Bill of Rights and Other Amendments
The 1787 Constitution lacked a Bill of Rights. Few except Madison himself were opposed to adding one, but many other delegates would have failed election without promising it. Negotiations at the Convention had proved so excitingly innovative that time ran out before the Convention had to adjourn with only a promise of a Bill of Rights, first thing.

Tue Jul 30, 2019

87 Sixth and Walnut
over to Broad and Sansom

In 1751, the Pennsylvania Hospital at 8th and Spruce was 'way out in the country. Now it is in the center of a city, but the area still remains dominated by medical institutions.

Sun Jul 28, 2019

13 Franklin Inn Club
Hidden in a back alley near the theaters, this little club is the center of the City's literary circle. It enjoys outstanding food in surroundings which suggest Samuel Johnson's club in London.

Thu Jul 25, 2019

170 Controlling the Currency
Robert Morris confronted an enduring theme of American politics in 1779: how can citizens without political power protect their assets from government confiscation?

Sun Jul 21, 2019

73 Right Angle Club 2007
A report, to the year 2007 shareholders of the Right Angle Club of Philadelphia, by the outgoing president.

Wed Jul 17, 2019

79 Land Tour Around Delaware Bay
Start in Philadelphia, take two days to tour around Delaware Bay. Down the New Jersey side to Cape May, ferry over to Lewes, tour up to Dover and New Castle, visit Winterthur, Longwood Gardens, Brandywine Battlefield and art museum, then back to Philadelphia. Try it!

Wed Apr 10, 2019

89 Favorite Reflections
In no particular order, here are the author's own favorites.

Tue Apr 09, 2019

37 Quakers: William Penn
Although Ben Franklin gets more ink lately, William Penn deserves at least equal rank among the most remarkable men who ever lived.

Mon Mar 18, 2019

167 Robert Morris and America
Robert Morris was an energetic problem-solver. In solving those problems he devised some innovative solutions which have become such axiomatic principles of a republic and its economics, that his name is seldom associated with them.

Fri Jul 07, 2017

435 B. Franklin (2)
New topic 2017-07-07 17:06:16 description

Fri Jul 07, 2017

71 Personal Finance
The rules of financial health are simple, but remarkably hard to follow. Be frugal in order to save, use your savings to buy the whole market not parts of it, if this system ain't broke, don't fix it. And don't underestimate your longevity.

Thu Jul 06, 2017

404 Achievement Awards: Franklin Institute


Wed May 10, 2017

143 Benjamin Franklin Parkway
Benjamin Franklin Parkway

Thu Jun 18, 2015

238 City Hall to Chestnut Hill
There are lots of ways to go from City Hall to Chestnut Hill, including the train from Suburban Station, or from 11th and Market. This tour imagines your driving your car out the Ben Franklin Parkway to Kelly Drive, and then up the Wissahickon.

Thu Jun 18, 2015

69 Revolutionary Philadelphia's Patriots
All kinds of people were patriots in 1776, and many of them were all mixed up about what was going on and how they stood. Hotheads in the London Coffee House stirred up about an inoffensive Tea Act, Scotch-Irish come here to escape the British Crown, the local artisan class and the local smuggler class, unexpectedly prospering under non-importation, and the local gentry -- offended to be denied seats in Parliament like other Englishmen. Pennsylvania wavered until Ben Franklin stepped forward with a plan.

Tue Jun 09, 2015

106 Pacifist Pennsylvania, Invaded Many Times
Pennsylvania was founded as a pacifist utopia, and currently regards itself as protected by vast oceans. But Pennsylvania has been seriously invaded at least six times.

Tue Oct 29, 2013

60 Academia in the Philadelphia Region
Higher education is a source of pride, progress, and aggravation.

Tue Apr 09, 2013

74 Volunteerism
The characteristic American behavior called volunteerism got its start with Benjamin Franklin's Junto, and has been a source of comment by foreign visitors ever since. It's still a very active force.

Fri Mar 15, 2013