Philadelphia Reflections

The musings of a physician who has served the community for over six decades

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The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery (and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime). It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, and by the House on January 31, 1865.

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Originally published: Monday, June 03, 2019; most-recently modified: Friday, August 09, 2019

 

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