Philadelphia Reflections

The musings of a physician who has served the community for over six decades

Related Topics

Constitution and Civil War
The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery (and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime). It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, and by the House on January 31, 1865.

The Civil War

War of Northern Aggression or Treason?

Originally published: Monday, June 03, 2019; most-recently modified: Saturday, July 20, 2019