Charter of Pennsylvania, from Charles II to William Penn
William Penn suggested what he wanted, and the Royal bureaucracy suggested suitable modifications of the gift. The resulting charter is a shrewd and fair legal document, but contained a major geographical error.
Westphalia: Church Politics Adjusts Boundaries, Then Everything Changes
In 1648, the Treaty of Westphalia created the modern nation-state.
Robert H.Bork Upsets A Century of Antitrust Law
According to the late Robert H. Bork, it ought to be fairly easy to identify price-fixing, because legitimate cases that harm the consumer by price manipulation aren't common, or may not even exist. With this, Bork convinced the judiciary to abandon a century of contrary belief while still a young law professor, thus establishing his own reputation with Ronald Reagan. He was appointed Solicitor General by Richard Nixon, unfortunately thus embroiling himself in Nixon's impeachment.
2-Institutions and Informal Power vs. Religious Power
Patriarchy and matriarchy are forms of parent control, usually the expression of existing power. Contracts are similar but draw on reciprocal powers which are pre-existing. In fact, contracts are ordinarily unenforceable unless they have this component. Ultimately, the power of institutional controls tends to be pre-existing.
Originally published: Wednesday, February 03, 2010; most-recently modified: Wednesday, May 15, 2019